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Union Grants Monthly Bulletin assesses results of Minha Casa Minha Vida

Public policy

In its 10th edition, a study shows that 73.6% of houses contracted between 2009 and 2018 were delivered

The Secretariat of Evaluation, Planning, Energy and Lottery of the Ministry of Economy (Secap / ME) released, on Wednesday (21/8), the 10th edition of the Monthly Union Grants Bulletin. In the publication, Secap analyzed aspects of the Minha Casa Minha Vida Program (PMCMV), created in 2009 with the main objective of reducing the country's housing deficit, which in that year reached 5.89 million houses. Today the program is the second largest financial subsidy line - the actual disbursements made by the federal government, which are explicit expenditure in the Union budget. 

According to the study, in the period from 2009 to 2018, subsidies to Minha Casa Minha Vida reached, in real terms, R $ 113 billion, which enabled the delivery of 4.1 million housing units compared to 5, 5 million units contracted. Thus, the study shows, 73.6% of the total housing contracted by the program were effectively delivered. 

Union Under-Secretary for Grant Evaluation, Nelson Leitão Paes, highlights the importance of publication for the transparency of government-funded policies: “This 10th edition of the newsletter consolidates the role of publication as an instrument of transparency and social control over Union, ”says the undersecretary. 

“In relation to Minha Casa Minha Vida, it shows the importance of the program, considering the number of units delivered and what it consumed in terms of tax and financial subsidies. The Bulletin analyzes the programme's focus, effectiveness and implementation and reports some challenges that need to be addressed for its improvement, ”he explains. 

Job creation

The study also assesses the impact of investments on economic activity and the level of formal employment generated by the construction sector. 

The results indicate that for each R $ 1 million invested annually in the program, 1.7 to 3.5 direct formal jobs in the sector were generated, up to one year after hiring the new units. In general terms, 89 thousand to 182 thousand formal jobs were generated, considering the average investment of R $ 52 billion per year in the period from 2009 to 2016. 

The Bulletin also recognizes the progress made by the program in relation to the focus of investments, which has, over the years, considered more decisively the geographical location of the housing deficit for the definition of hiring. However, there are still challenges of program implementation, such as constructive problems, weaknesses in the application of prioritization criteria for the selection of beneficiaries and commercialization of real estate.