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New Social Security is important to ensure the social protection of the elderly

Public hearing

The subject was the subject of debate in the House about the quality of life of women

The Committees for the Defense of the Rights of the Elderly and the Defense of Women's Rights of the House of Representatives held a joint public hearing on Wednesday to discuss the theme "Finances and the quality of life of older women." In this debate, the adviser of the Social Security Secretariat of the Ministry of Economy, Thais Vizioli, explained the progress of female participation in Social Security and reinforced the need to develop public policies on Social Security and Social Assistance for women in Brazil.

Thais Vizioli stressed the importance of special attention in the social security coverage of elderly women, because according to her this group of the population is growing rapidly. According to data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), the number of older women (65 years and over) will increase more than four times between 2010 and 2060, from 8 million to 33 million in the period. On the other hand, the number of elderly women aged 80 or over will increase by 6.5 times over the same period. At the same time, Brazil faces another challenge, since Brazilians are having fewer and fewer children: the fertility rate fell from 6.28 children in the 1960s to 1.76 children today.

The increase in life expectancy, however, requires balancing of the social security accounts, in order to guarantee the payment of the benefits, now and in the future. So, stressed Thaís, the changes that are being proposed by New Social Security are very important. "The preservation and improvement of the social protection of women will require adjustments in the parameters of granting benefits, as provided in PEC 06/2019," he said.

Currently, Thaís recalled, the social security coverage already reaches 82% of women in the age group of 60 years or more, that is, it covers 14.4 million elderly women. This reflects the trend of the last decades of greater female participation in the labor market. In 2013, for the first time, the rate of social security protection of women surpassed that of men. The increase in the share of elderly women with social security coverage and the growing aging of the female population generates direct repercussions on social security expenditures, he warned.

"If the rules are not changed, there will be less and less room for spending on other social policies that are already tightened and whose demand tends to increase with the aging of the population," Thaís warned at the Chamber's public hearing. "The construction of a more just system involves the periodic review of social security legislation, in order to follow the transformation of society itself," he concluded.