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Most sectors return to employment in the first quarter


Research based on data from Caged reveals that branches linked to exports were the ones that presented better performance

The labor market is beginning to show signs of recovery. A survey by the National Confederation of Trade in Goods, Services and Tourism (CNC) shows that 13 of 25 sectors created new vacancies in the first quarter of the year - export-related branches recorded the best performances.

The information, taken from the General Register of Employed and Unemployed (Caged), suggests that there is a change in the labor market, but that this recovery process continues at a gradual pace.

Even with employment generation in 13 sectors, this positive performance was not enough to bring the first quarter of the year to a close in the blue. In the period, 64,4 thousand vacancies were closed. The rate of layoffs, however, lost strength and was 78% lower than that observed between January and March 2016, when 303,100 lost their jobs.

"The reaction of some segments of the labor market shows the beginning of a partial resumption of employability, which is the main obstacle to the growth of consumption in the country," said Fabio Bentes, CNC economist.

Agriculture and industry

The CNC also reported that the tertiary sector was highlighted by the generation of vacancies in wholesale trade (+5,941) and in trade and administration of real estate and securities (+2,148). The primary (agricultural) and secondary (industry) sectors were the ones that most reversed the closing of vacancies - of the 15 subsectors that compose the industry, eight reversed their negative balances.

"The more favorable performance of agriculture and industry to the detriment of the tertiary sector is associated with the greater warming of external demand," explained Bentes. He recalled that the performance of industrial production grew in early 2017 and that prices of Brazilian products sold abroad jumped 21.3%.

Employment for the young

The survey also reveals that most hirings occurred among a younger audience. In the first quarter of 2017, 175,3 thousand vacancies were opened for people up to 24 years of age, 120% higher than in the same period of 2016.

The highest skilled workers are also among the most hired. Also in the first quarter of the year, 60,8 thousand vacancies were opened for employees with a complete higher education level, 44.4% higher than last year.

Source: Portal Brasil, with CNC information