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Ministry of Economy evaluates closed insurance policy

Public policy

In analysis, Secap highlights distortions and proposes reformulation measures that ensure greater policy effectiveness

Lack of production of fishery data for more than ten years, supervision of unarticulated activity between the Union and states, periods of unrestricted fishing prohibition and evidence of payment of the benefit to non-eligible individuals. The table is part of the results found by the executive assessment on Artisanal Fishermen's Unemployment Insurance (SDPA), the closed insurance, produced and released on Tuesday (6/8) by the Ministry's Secretariat of Evaluation, Planning, Energy and Lottery. da Economia (Secap / ME), through the  Direct Expenditure Evaluation Booklet: executive evaluation of closed insurance . 

The document is the first executive evaluation of public policies funded by direct spending, which will serve as a proposed format for future evaluations by the Public Policy Monitoring and Evaluation Board (CMAP). The full Valuation Report is presented in  the Defensive Insurance Direct Expense Assessment Report . 

What is closed insurance

The benefit of the Artisanal Fisherman's Unemployment Insurance is the payment of a minimum wage per month during the period of prohibition of fishing activity - the so-called closed season - when the fisherman has to stop fishing. It is paid to those who work professionally as artisanal fishermen on a continuous basis, individually or in family savings, and was created as an instrument for environmental protection and guaranteeing the economic sustainability of the artisanal fisherman. 


In the analysis, Secap highlights the weaknesses and distortions of the policy, including the fact that, since 2008, no data on fishing have been collected in Brazil. In addition, it shows the strong growth of beneficiaries in the period from 1998 to 2018 - around 16% per year - which caused policy spending to jump from R $ 13 million to R $ 2.54 billion in the period, an increase of 29% per year on average. For the secretariat, the figures are the result of the flexible eligibility requirements for the benefit, considered by the evaluation as easily accessible and difficult to verify. 

As an example, the assessment points to the strong discrepancy between those enrolled in the General Register of Fishing Activity (RGP) as artisanal fishers, artisanal fishers identified by the IBGE National Household Sample Survey (Pnad and Continuous Pnad) and beneficiaries. insurance closed. In 2018, for example, the number of beneficiaries of closed insurance was more than double the number of artisanal fishers identified by IBGE in the country. 

In addition, according to data from the Comptroller General of the Union (CGU), more than half of the beneficiaries inspected do not obtain income exclusively from fishing, one of the requirements for receiving the benefit. 

Proposed measures

The publication proposes reformulation and improvement measures to ensure greater policy effectiveness and the effective reach of the public for which it was created. Among these are: the redesign of the Artisanal Fisherman's Unemployment Insurance (SDPA), through the recommendation of changing the legal nature of the benefit, from labor to direct income transfer - conditioning the receipt of the benefit to a certain per capita family income limit.  and the performance of environmental service. In addition, it proposes the resumption of fishing statistics in the country and the alteration of information systems in order to improve data reliability and enable integration between federal and state enforcement.  

This is what highlights the Secretary of Evaluation, Planning, Energy and Lottery, Alexandre Manoel. “With the release of this report, we are taking another step towards the institutionalization of public policy evaluation in the Federal Government. We hope your format will inspire future evaluations that will be reviewed by CMAP. ” 

In terms of governance, the study proposes the creation of the SDPA Steering Committee to monitor and implement the policy as a whole, proposing changes in policy design, implementation and improvement, as well as the centralization of monitoring and anti-fraud actions. .