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Decree Simplifies Procedures for Deploying Export Processing Zones

Competitiveness

Measure streamlines the customs process in the areas of movement and dispatch of goods

The Executive Secretariat of the National Council for Export Processing Zones, the Special Secretariat of Productivity, Employment and Competitiveness of the Ministry of Economy (CZPE / Sepec / ME) published Decree No. 9 on August 30, 2019.  . 995 . The text simplifies the procedures for the implementation of Export Processing Zones (EPZs), streamlining the process of customs clearance of such enterprises in the areas of movement and dispatch of goods, without prejudice to the customs control of their operations.

In addition to facilitating the operation of these industrial districts, the measure represents an important reduction in the volume of investments for the implementation of SPAs, which will help attract new investments, promote the competitiveness of Brazilian exports and generate jobs.

In the case of the Pecém SPA, in the state of Ceará, whose expansion process is ongoing, the administrators estimate a 40% reduction in the total investment required to implement the new stage of the SPA.

SPAs

Export Processing Zones (SPAs) are characterized as free trade areas abroad, intended for the installation of companies aimed at the production of goods to be traded abroad, being considered primary zones for customs control purposes. Companies that settle in SPAs have access to specific tax, exchange and administrative treatments. For Brazil, in addition to the expected positive impact on the balance of payments due to the export of goods and the attraction of foreign direct investments, there are benefits such as technological diffusion, job creation and economic and social development.

The special customs regime of SPAs was established in the country by Decree Law No. 2,452, of July 29, 1988. At the time, this legal instrument authorized the Executive Power to create SPAs by issuing a presidential decree. To outline the policy orientation of SPAs, establish requirements, analyze proposals, among other activities, the normative created the National Council for Export Processing Zones (CZPE).

In 2007, said Decree Law was repealed by Law No. 11,508 / 2007, which maintained the competence of the Board to define the rules, procedures and parameters of the program, according to which the agents involved should mark their actions. In order to regulate Law No. 11,508 / 2007, Decrees 6,634 / 2008, which deals with the CZPE, and No. 6,814 / 2009, which deals with the tax, exchange and administrative regime of the SPAs, were published.

Currently Brazil has 25 (twenty-five) authorized SPAs, of which 19 (nineteen) are in effective implementation, distributed in 17 (seventeen) Federation Units:

Acre SPA (AC)

Aracruz SPA (ES)

Araguaína SPA (TO)

SPA of Barcarena (PA)

SPA of Bataguassú and Corumbá (MS)

SPA of Boa Vista (RR)

SPA of Cáceres (MT)

SPA of Fernandópolis (SP)

SPA of Ilhéus (BA)

Imbituba SPA (SC)

SPA of Itaguaí (RJ)

SPA of Macaíba (RN)

SPA of Parnaíba (PI)

Pecém SPA (EC)

Porto Velho SPA (RO)

Suape SPA (PE)

SPA of Teófilo Otoni and Uberaba (MG)