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Crops account for 68% of the gross value of agricultural production


August's highlight was cotton, which increased 75.6% compared to 2016

The crops once again stood out in the Gross Value of Production (VBP) . The  index,  calculated monthly by the Agricultural Policy Secretariat (SPA) of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (Map), is responsible for pointing out the evolution of crop and livestock performance throughout the year. In addition, it is the one that indicates gross sales within the establishments.

According to data released on Wednesday (20) , the gross value of agricultural production (VBP) for this year remained at R $ 535.4 billion in the August update . The crops account for R $ 367.2 billion,  and livestock production, R $ 168.2 billion. The result for 2017 is 4.1% higher than that obtained in 2016 (R $ 514.2 billion).

The main highlight of August was cotton, which registered an increase of 75.6%. Peanut (31.2%), sugarcane (45.8%), orange (20.9%), cassava (70.5%) and grape (51.9%) were also satisfactory.

According to José Garcia Gasques, general coordinator of Studies and Analysis of the SPA, other highlights of agriculture are rice, onions, corn and tomato. With the exception of castor beans and cassava, which had a reduction in production, all other products in 2017 increase production compared to last year.

For most products, prices received by producers are lower than last year, says Gasques. Thus, for maize, soybeans and others, the highest harvest this year avoids a reduction in the value of crop production. Maize, soybeans, bananas, sweet potatoes and beans had a sharp fall in prices.

Seasonal production

According to the VBP study, the increase in summer crop yields of 24.1% is another highlight this year. Winter plantings fell sharply, by 15.1%. The yield reduction in oats, canola and wheat was 14%. In livestock, the best results have been obtained in pigs and milk.

Some products have performed poorly this year. They are banana (-22.8%), potato (-52.8%), cocoa (-24%), coffee (-10.7%), beans (-7.8%), 32.8%) and apple (-21.2%).

Regional data indicate the leadership of São Paulo, Mato Grosso, Paraná and Minas Gerais. Sugarcane accounts for 58% of the value in São Paulo, and soybeans account for 52% in Mato Grosso. In Paraná, soy and chicken account for 54% of the value generated.

Source: Portal Brasil, with information from the Ministry of Agriculture