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Balance of trade balance totals US $ 27 billion until June

Foreign trade

From January to June 2019, the current trade reached US $ 194.661 billion

 

In the first half of 2019, the Brazilian trade balance registered a total of exports of US $ 110.896 billion, down 1.8% on the daily average, compared to the same period of the previous year. Imports totaled US $ 83.765 billion, an increase of 0.8%, on average, over the same period of 2018 (US $ 83.801 billion).

From January to June 2019, the trade flow reached US $ 194.661 billion, which means a decrease of 0.7% over the same period in the previous period (US $ 197.619 billion). The trade balance is US $ 27.130 billion, 8.9% lower than the daily average of US $ 30.017 billion in the same period of last year.

Monthly result

In June, exports were US $ 18.047 billion and imports US $ 13.027 billion, with a trade balance of US $ 5.019 billion, 4.2% lower than the daily average, reached in the same period of 2018, US $ 5,789 billion. In relation to June 2018, external sales decreased by 0.8%, and in May 2019, the drop was 1.7%, by the daily average.

Over the same period of the previous year, imports increased by 0.5% and by 0.7% over May 2019, by the daily average. In the period, the trade flow reached US $ 31.074 billion, down 0.3%, by the daily average, compared to June 2018.

Exports

In June, basic products were exported, which totaled US $ 9.570 billion. Manufactured goods reached US $ 6.022 billion in the same period, and the sale of semimanufactured goods was US $ 2.455 billion. Compared to the first half of 2018, sales of basic products grew (10.7%) and exports of manufactured goods (-7.2%) and semimanufactured goods (-6.8%) decreased.

In the group of basic products, in comparison with the same period of last year, sales increased mainly from grain corn (1.040%), pork (141.2%), beef (108.8%), chicken meat ( 94.8%) and iron ore (37.7%). In manufacturing, compared to June 2018, sales decreased mainly from aircraft (-54.3%), machinery and equipment for earthmoving (-27.4%), autoparts (-24.9%), iron flat-rolled products and steel (-23.8%), motor vehicles and parts (-19.9%), cargo vehicles (-13.1%), aluminum oxides and hydroxides (-13.0%) and passenger cars (-9.8%).

In the same comparison, semimanufactured goods fell mainly in the case of semimanufactured iron or steel (-28.7%), hides and skins (-27.8%), raw zinc (-15.6%), sugar in (-12.2%) and cellulose (-12.2%). In the period from January to June 2019, foreign sales of basic products (4.8%) and semimanufactured goods (0.4%) increased, while sales of manufactured goods decreased (-4.7%).

In relation to exports of basic products, there was an increase in revenue from shipments of raw cotton (126.4%), corn (103.2%), pork (31.6%), beef %), crude oil (19.1%), chicken meat (18.7%), coffee beans (17.3%). Among the semimanufactured products, the largest increases were in sales of cast iron (38.7%), gold in semimanufactured (16.6%), semimanufactured iron and steel (11.6%), ferro-alloys (10.5% %), sawn or chipped wood (8.7%). In the group of manufactured goods, there were mainly retraction in: cargo vehicles (-43.6%), passenger cars (-35.1%), airplanes (-21.4%), oil extraction platform (-15, 4%), auto parts (-14.8%), non-frozen orange juice (-10.2%) and aluminum oxides and hydroxides (-9.4%).

By purchasing markets, sales to Mercosur decreased (-33%), with shipments to Argentina declining by 41.1% on account of passenger cars, cargo vehicles, tractors, auto parts, fuel oils, machinery and appliances for earthmoving machinery and apparatus for agricultural use, flat iron / steel laminates, chassis for motor vehicles, plastic polymers).

For the European Union, exports are falling. In the first half of the year, the retraction reached 12.6%, due to the platform for extraction of petroleum, iron ore, cellulose, fuel oils, copper ore, soybeans, soybean meal, cast iron tubes, for earthmoving. On the other hand, in the semester, sales to Oceania increased (52.7%); Middle East (27.3%); Central America and the Caribbean (17.2%); United States (15%) and Asia (5.6%).

In the accumulated of the year until June, the main destination countries of exports were:

  1. China, Hong Kong and Macao (US $ 31.816 billion);
  2. United States (US $ 14.959 billion);
  3. Argentina (US $ 5.156 billion);
  4. Netherlands ($ 4.291 billion); and
  5. Germany (US $ 2.552 billion).

Import

In June, imports of fuels and lubricants (13.1%) and capital goods increased (10.3%), while purchases of consumer goods (-12.2%) and intermediate goods (-0, 3%). In the period from January to June 2019, when compared to the same period in the previous year, there was growth in capital goods (+ 5.4%) and intermediate goods (+ 1.9%) and contraction in purchases of consumer goods (-6, 4%) and fuels and lubricants (-0.9%).

From January to June 2019, when compared to the same period in the previous year, there was growth in capital goods (+ 5.4%) and intermediate goods (+ 1.9%) and contraction in purchases of consumer goods (-6.4% %) and fuels and lubricants (-0.9%).

In the first half of the year, purchases from Africa (12.4%), Asia (10.4%), Middle East (9.7%), Mercosur (4.7%) and United States 4%). In the first half of 2018, imports from Central America and the Caribbean fell (-23.3%), the European Union (-9.8%) and Oceania (-2.2%).

The main countries of origin of imports in the semester were:

  1. China, Hong Kong and Macao (US $ 18.267 billion);
  2. United States (US $ 13.786 billion);
  3. Argentina (US $ 5.305 billion);
  4. Germany ($ 4.953 billion); and
  5. South Korea ($ 2.266 billion).